Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 106
Clinical efficacy and applications of therapeutic plasma exchange: A tertiary care center experience from Jammu


Department of Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion Medicine, Government Medical College, Jammu and Kashmir, India

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Date of Web Publication6-Feb-2015
 

How to cite this article:
Sidhu M, Dogra A, Kumar D. Clinical efficacy and applications of therapeutic plasma exchange: A tertiary care center experience from Jammu. Asian J Transfus Sci 2015;9:106

How to cite this URL:
Sidhu M, Dogra A, Kumar D. Clinical efficacy and applications of therapeutic plasma exchange: A tertiary care center experience from Jammu. Asian J Transfus Sci [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Oct 14];9:106. Available from: http://www.ajts.org/text.asp?2015/9/1/106/150974


Sir,

Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) commonly used in disorders where immune etiology has been implicated that is, Guillain - Barre' syndrome (GBS), chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), myasthenia gravis (MG), multiple sclerosis and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. [1]

This study is a retrospective study carried out in the Department of Transfusion Medicine, Government Medical College, Jammu from July 2009 to February 2011. The list of patients was obtained from the TPE log-book of the apheresis units in our facility. TPE was carried out on continuous flow Fenwal CS-3000 plus cell separator requiring double-venous access. All patients were classified according to Hughes functional grading scores .[2]

A total of 22 patients underwent 71 TPE procedures. The study group included 13 males and 9 females in the ratio of 1.4:1. The mean age was 36.8 years, with age ranging from (17 to 75 years). Of 22 patients, there were 18 cases of GB syndrome (81.8%), two cases of MG (9%), one case each of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) (4.5%) and chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy (4.5%). The details of procedures are described in [Table 1].
Table 1: Average number of procedures, whole blood processed and plasma volume replaced

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In 18 cases of GB syndrome, complete response was noted in 11 cases (61%), partial response in 3 cases (16%), no response in 4 cases (22%) with an overall response rate of 77% at the end of 10 days follow-up period. One case of CIDP underwent six procedures and recovered completely. MG patient with antibody negative case showed good response after five procedures and weaned off from ventilator. One case of TTP underwent nine procedures, showed good response with lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) <250 U/L, platelet count 2.3 lakhs/cu mm after seven procedures, two of which were performed in our center. However, relapsed after 7 months with intracerebral hemorrhage, LDH 2833 U/L, and platelet count 68,000/cu mm. The last two procedures were incomplete due to poor peripheral venous access, though, planned for central venous access, but were not successful due to marked edema of the neck and ultimately patient died

This study showed encouraging response rates in neurological diseases. Cochrane systematic meta-analysis reported that TPE was the only treatment for GBS and found to be superior to supportive treatment. Furthermore, TPE was more beneficial when applied within the first 7 days of disease. Many studies showed encouraging results in cases of TTP who underwent TPE. [3] TPE appears to be just as beneficial as intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in patients with MG. [4] To conclude, in our experience TPE is safe and effective mode of treatment.

 
   References Top

1.
Lehmann HC, Hartung HP, Hetzel GR, Stüve O, Kieseier BC. Plasma exchange in neuroimmunological disorders: Part 1: Rationale and treatment of inflammatory central nervous system disorders. Arch Neurol 2006;63:930-5.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Kaynar L, Altuntas F, Aydogdu I, Turgut B, Kocyigit I, Hacioglu SK, et al. Therapeutic plasma exchange in patients with neurologic diseases: retrospective multicenter study. Transfus Apher Sci 2008;38:109-15.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Raphaël JC, Chevret S, Hughes RA, Annane D. Plasma exchange for Guillain-Barré syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2002;CD001798.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Levin KH, Richman DP. Myasthenia gravis. Clin Aspects Autoimmun 1989;4:23-31.  Back to cited text no. 4
    

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Correspondence Address:
Meena Sidhu
F-234, Raipur Satwari, Jammu Cantonment, Jammu and Kashmir
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-6247.150974

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2006 - Asian Journal of Transfusion Science | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
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