Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 203-205

Acute respiratory distress syndrome in a neonate due to possible transfusion-related acute lung injury


1 Department of Neonatology, PGIMER and RML Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, PGIMER and RML Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Sheetal Agarwal
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, 2nd Floor OPD Block, Dr. RML Hospital, Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ajts.AJTS_120_16

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Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a potentially life-threatening complication of blood component transfusion. It is relatively underdiagnosed entity in neonates with scant literature. We report a case of TRALI in a preterm neonate developing acute respiratory distress within 6 h of blood product transfusion in the absence of preexisting lung disease. Prompt ventilator and supportive management were instituted. The baby showed clinical and radiological improvement within 12 h; however, he succumbed to death due to acute massive pulmonary hemorrhage 36 h later. Possibility of TRALI should be kept if there is sudden deterioration of lung function after blood transfusion.


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2006 - Asian Journal of Transfusion Science | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th November, 2006