Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 123-127

The evaluation of iron deficiency and anemia in male blood donors with other related factors


1 Deputy of Research, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Iran
2 Sanandaj District Health Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Iran
3 Kurdistan Organization of Blood Transfusion, Iran
4 Iranian Organization of Blood Transfusion -Research Center, Iran
5 Bachelor of Nursing, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Vahid Yousefinejad
Deputy of Research, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Pasdaran Street, Sanandaj, Iran. P.O.Box: 66135-756
Iran
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Source of Support: Deputy of training and research of Iran Organization of Blood Transfusion, and research center of Iran Organization of Blood Transfusion, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-6247.67032

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Aims and Background: Iron deficiency is one of the most common nutritional disorders worldwide and blood donation may cause iron depletion. Limited studies with large sample size have been done on male donors. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia among male donors in the Kurdistan Organization of Blood Transfusion in Iran. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Sample size was 1184 blood donors selected by systematic random sampling. Hemoglobin, serum iron, serum ferritin, total iron banding capacity (TIBC) and transferin saturation were measured in donors. Iron depletion, lack of iron stores, iron deficiency, iron deficiency anemia and anemia were evaluated among them. Data was analyzed with SPSS software and X΂, one-way ANOVA, and LSD test. Results: Iron deficiency, anemia, iron deficiency anemia, iron depletion and lack of iron resources were seen in 2.3, 4.08, 2.14, 22.76 and 4.66 percent respectively. There was a significant relationship of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia with instances of donation and interval from last donation (P < 0.05). A significant relationship was seen between iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia among blood donors with more than ten times blood donation (P < 0.05). Conclusions: This study showed regular male donors require especial attention. Therefore, serum ferritin is recommended as a more adequate index to use for iron deficiency screening and planning purposes for iron supplementation among them.


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2006 - Asian Journal of Transfusion Science | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th November, 2006