Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-32

Removal of antibodies from red cells: Comparison of three elution methods

Department of Transfusion Medicine, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Rahul Katharia
Department of Transfusion Medicine, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow - 226 014
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-6247.106727

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Background: Direct antiglobulin test (DAT) is the most common test done in immunohematology lab, which detects immunoglobulin and fragments of complement attached to the red blood cells. These coated red blood cells are difficult to accurately phenotype, which may be required for selection of appropriate unit of red blood cells for transfusion. Aims: We have studied the efficacy of various elution methods in removing the antibodies coating the red cells and their impact on different blood group antigen activity. Materials and Methods: Patient samples sent for serological evaluation of autoimmune hemolysis were included in the study. DAT and Indirect antiglobulin test (IAT) were performed using gel cards (ID system, DiaMed Switzerland). Antibody coated red cells, either by in-vivo or in-vitro sensitization, were used to assess the outcome of three elution methods. Results: Out of 93 DAT positive samples already sensitized in vivo, 28 (30 %) samples became DAT negative post elution using either of three methods, while 36 (38.8%) showed reduction in strength of reaction, whereas in 29 (31.2%) there was no change in strength of reaction. Similarly, out of the 17 samples prepared by in vitro sensitization, 12 samples became completely negative after glycine-HCl/EDTA elution, 9 and 5 samples became negative after heat elution and chloroquine diphosphate elution methods, respectively. Conclusion: On comparative analysis glycine-HCl/EDTA elution method was better than the other two methods and can be used for eluting immunoglobulins from intact red cells.

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2006 - Asian Journal of Transfusion Science | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th November, 2006