Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 39-43

Rationalizing blood transfusion in elective breast cancer surgery: Analyzing justification and economy

1 Department of Surgical Oncologym, Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Transfusion Medicine, Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sudipta Sekhar Das
Department of Transfusion Medicine, Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals, 58, Canal Circular Road, Kolkata - 700 054, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajts.AJTS_107_17

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Background: Transfusion of allogeneic blood in breast cancer surgery is variable, and differences of transfusion incidence have been observed in the literature. Most hospital guidelines including ours dictate group and reserve policy of blood before breast surgery. Here, we aimed to audit the blood utilization in patients undergoing elective breast surgery in our hospital and thereby optimize the blood ordering schedule, economic burden, and loss of clinical resources. Materials and Methods: The study included 478 breast cancer surgeries over a period of 6 years. Patient and disease details were obtained from patient file and hospital information system. Blood samples sent to blood bank were subjected to compatibility test and reserved. All transfusions were documented, and statistical analysis was done. Results: Of the total 478 patients, most underwent wide local excision of the breast and modified radical mastectomy. A total of 16 patients received 71 units of blood and blood components in all categories of surgeries. Only 103 were younger women (≤40 years), with a mean age of 31 years. Nontransfused patients were significantly more than transfused ones (P < 0.05). Frequency of blood transfusion was more in young patients (4.9%). Seven (22.6%) of the total 31 Stage IV patients received blood transfusions. Frequency of blood transfusion was more in patients undergoing surgery after chemotherapy (8.8%). A significant loss of time and loss of revenue was observed. Conclusion: We conclude that routine compatibility test is not justified for all patients undergoing breast surgery. A more targeted approach is needed to reduce blood demand and associated cost to patient and blood transfusion services.

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2006 - Asian Journal of Transfusion Science | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th November, 2006