Asian Journal of Transfusion Science

: 2012  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 194-

Role of transfusion medicine in post-crisis nuclear leakage

Viroj Wiwanitkit 
 Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Viroj Wiwanitkit
Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok 10160

How to cite this article:
Wiwanitkit V. Role of transfusion medicine in post-crisis nuclear leakage.Asian J Transfus Sci 2012;6:194-194

How to cite this URL:
Wiwanitkit V. Role of transfusion medicine in post-crisis nuclear leakage. Asian J Transfus Sci [serial online] 2012 [cited 2022 Jun 25 ];6:194-194
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The present nuclear contamination problem that originated in Japan is still a hot issue in medicine. Radioactive nuclides exposure can lead to several complications. Transfusion medicine has role in management of the affected cases; however, information on this specific topic is scarce. In this specific, the author briefly reviews and discusses the role of transfusion medicine in nuclear leakage post-crisis. There is no doubt that blood transfusion becomes a necessary therapeutic tool for highly exposed subjects. [1] Gale noted that it is an important tool, accompanied with infection prophylaxis, for the immediate post-crisis situation. [1],[2] The use of thrombomass transfusion successfully prevents development of the thrombocytopenic hemorrhagic syndrome which is an important hematopoietic aberration after crisis. [3],[4]

There is serious concern regarding the long term complications of the hematopoietic system. In the post-crisis Chernobyl case, bone marrow transplantation with HLA match case was used with a moderately favorable outcome. [4] The irreversibly destroyed hematopoietic tissue (category V) becomes a problem that requires hematopoietic stem cell transplantation therapy. [5],[6] However, this technique is new and was not available at the time of Chernobyl accident. Hence, a future follow-up on usage of this new transplantation practice in the emerging cases in the present Japanese crisis is recommended.


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